紐時賞析/「高度兩極對立」氛圍成突破口 陸認知作戰影響美大選

紐時賞析/「高度兩極對立」氛圍成突破口 陸認知作戰影響美大選

欣興營運 下半年升溫

中國大陸透過污衊美國充斥都市衰退、遊民、芬太尼濫用、槍枝暴力和敗落的基礎建設,讓選民幻滅。(紐約時報)

A ‘Spamouflage’ Campaign Aims to Pump Up Voter Angst

陸認知作戰影響美大選 加劇社會分歧

A Chinese influence campaign that has tried for years to boost Beijing’s interests is now using artificial intelligence and a network of social media accounts to amplify American discontent and division before the U.S. presidential election, according to a new report.

一份新報告指出,一項多年來試圖提升北京利益的中國影響力行動,現在正利用人工智慧和社羣媒體帳號網絡,在美國總統大選前放大美國人的不滿和分歧。

The campaign, known as Spamouflage, hopes to breed disenchantment among voters by maligning the United States as rife with urban decay, homelessness, fentanyl abuse, gun violence and crumbling infrastructure, according to the report, which was published Thursday by the Institute for Strategic Dialogue, a nonprofit research organization in London.

天生神醫 小說

英國倫敦非營利研究組織「戰略對話研究所」週四發佈的報告顯示,這場行動被稱爲「垃圾訊息僞裝」,透過污衊美國充斥都市衰退、遊民、芬太尼濫用、槍枝暴力和基礎建設破敗,希望讓選民幻滅。

An added aim, the report said, is to convince international audiences that the United States is in a state of chaos.

海鲲舰全貌现身 无人机乱入遭反制

報告稱,行動的另一個目的是說服國際閱聽人認爲美國處於混亂狀態。

Artificially generated images, some of them also edited with tools such as Photoshop, have pushed the idea that the November vote will damage and potentially destroy the country.

人工智慧所產生的影像,有些還以Photoshop等工具編修,推動了一種觀點,稱今年十一月美國大選將破壞並可能摧毀這個國家。

One post on X, formerly Twitter, that said “American partisan divisions” had an image showing President Joe Biden and former President Donald Trump aggressively crossing fiery spears under this text: “INFIGHTING INTENSIFIES.” Other images featured the two men facing off, cracks in the White House or the Statue of Liberty, and terminology like “CIVIL WAR,” “INTERNAL STRIFE” and “THE COLLAPSE OF AMERICAN DEMOCRACY.”

在前爲推特的社羣媒體X一則貼文寫道「美國黨派分歧」,其中一張圖片顯示美國總統拜登和前總統川普手持長矛激烈交鋒,上方則有「內鬥加劇」的文字。其他圖片包括有兩名男子對峙、白宮和自由女神像出現裂縫,還有「內戰」、「內部衝突」及「美國民主崩壞」等用語。

The narratives did not appear to have any obviously partisan leanings, although Biden was the target of multiple negative portrayals, including references to his son Hunter Biden’s legal troubles. Spamouflage’s attitude toward Trump was more ambiguous; posts claiming that his “status as an antihero is making him unstoppable” could be interpreted as flattering.

再顧如初,容少高調示愛 小說

這些陳述似沒有明顯黨派傾向,儘管拜登是多種負面描述的目標,包括提及其次子杭特的官司麻煩。「垃圾訊息僞裝」對川普態度較曖昧;一些貼文聲稱他身爲「反英雄的地位使他勢不可擋」,可被詮釋爲是種奉承。

In America’s “hyper-polarized division,” China sensed an opportunity, said Elise Thomas, a senior analyst at the institute who wrote the report. Spamouflage’s focus on social conflict and antagonism in the U.S. presidential race could also signal how Beijing hopes to shape the many other important elections taking place in the world this year.

撰寫該報告的戰略對話研究所資深分析師湯瑪斯表示,美國「高度兩極分化」的氛圍,讓中國察覺到機會。「垃圾訊息僞裝」關注美國總統大選的社會衝突和對立,顯示中方希望如何影響今年將在世界各地舉行的其他多場重要選舉。

Spamouflage has been active since at least 2017, Thomas wrote in the report, adding that the campaign is “infamous among researchers both for its sprawling size and for its failure to generate any noteworthy engagement from real social media users.”

湯瑪斯在報告中寫道,「垃圾訊息僞裝」至少自2017年以來就一直活躍,並稱這個行動「因規模擴大和未能引起真正社羣媒體用戶的任何顯著參與,而在研究人員間惡名昭彰」。

虛擬貨幣已成詐團新歡 石器思維難防科技犯罪

The report Thursday focused on Spamouflage posts on X. Thomas wrote that while the campaign also operated on YouTube, TikTok, Medium and “literally dozens of other forums, websites and social media platforms,” it had proliferated with far more ease on X.

週四發表的報告關注「垃圾訊息僞裝」發佈在X的貼文。湯瑪斯寫道,儘管這項行動也在YouTube、TikTok、Medium和「數十個其他論壇、網站和社交媒體平臺」運作,但在X上面更容易擴散。

文/Tiffany Hsu 譯/羅方妤

北埔新姜天水堂文資審議案 客委會承諾補助共創雙贏

晶讯光电IPO终止 系年后第三家